The Individual Education Plan (IEP) – What You Need to Know
IEPs are written plans describing the special education assistance provided to exceptional students and how that assistance will be delivered. Ontario Regulation 181/98 requires that an IEP be developed for every student identified as exceptional by an Identification, Placement and Review Committee (IPRC). School boards may also prepare IEPs for students who have not been identified as exceptional but are receiving accommodations and program modifications.The principal is responsible for ensuring that an IEP is prepared within 30 school days after a student has been placed in a special education program (a program based on and modified by the results of continuous assessment and evaluation and that includes a plan containing specific objectives and an outline of educational services) – for most students, this would occur at the beginning of the school year. The principal must also take into consideration any recommendations made by the IPRC. Every IEP must include:
The IEP is the result of a collaborative effort among teachers, parents, the student, the school, and other professionals involved with the student. Parents must be asked to sign the IEP and indicate whether they were consulted during its development; parents are also entitled to receive a copy of the final IEP. The IEP is kept in the Ontario Student Record (OSR), unless parents object in writing.IEPs are reviewed at least once every formal reporting period. The Elementary Progress Report Card introduced in the fall of 2010 represents one formal reporting period, and so the requirement for three IEP reviews during the school year remains. Because the IEP is a working document, adjustments to its program goals may be necessary throughout the school year; those adjustments should be noted and significant changes should be shared with the parent.
The IEP Process – Tips for Teachers
IEPs and Workload
Completion of IEPs can represent a significant time commitment. It is important for ETFO members to establish strategies that keep their IEP workload manageable while ensuring that the needs of students are being met.
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