Processing Speed is one of the measures of cognitive efficiency or cognitive proficiency. It involves the ability to automatically and fluently perform relatively easy or over-learned cognitive tasks, especially when high mental efficiency is required. That is, for simple tasks requiring attention and focused concentration. It relates to the ability to process information automatically and therefore speedily, without intentional thinking through. A student with processing speed needs has difficulty in performing simple cognitive tasks fluently and automatically, especially when mental efficiency in focusing concentration is required.
The key indicators of this need relate to the time and speed taken to perform tasks.
Students with processing speed needs may take more time to:
The key instructional strategy for students with slow processing speed is to reduce the time pressure associated with a task. This can be done in three essential ways:
Give the student more time for their work:
Build the student’s efficiency in completing work through building automaticity.
Train the student in time management techniques to become aware of the time that tasks take.
Assessment strategies emphasize power tests that focus on the knowledge the student has, rather than on speed tests to complete a large number of questions within a limited time.