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History of EQAO testing

In 1996, the government established the Education Quality and Accountability Office (EQAO) to 

  • design new tests for grades 3, 6, 9, 10 in reading, writing and mathematics; 

  • manage the administration of these tests; 

  • report the results to the public; and 

  • collect data to help determine the effectiveness of Ontario’s education system. 

Since its creation, the EQAO has faced a great deal of criticism, particularly on the issues of security, timelines, validity of the tests, and uses of the data. This pressure narrows the curriculum and leads to a disproportionate focus on literacy and numeracy at the expense of science and technology, social studies, the arts, and physical education.