skip to content

Rights and protections for people with disabilities

There are key initiatives and legislation that ensure rights and protections for people with disabilities: 

2022: Canada’s Disability Inclusion Action Plan is a road map for an inclusive Canada. The plan identifies key actions and outcomes to accomplish by 2040.

2019: The Accessible Canada Act is passed. The goal of this legislation is to create a barrier-free Canada by 2040.

2006: United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD). Canada ratified the CRPD in 2010.


2005: Accessibility for Ontarians with Disabilities Act, (AODA) was passed. The AODA established accessibility standards for organizations within Ontario and timelines for compliance.


1982: The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms identified rights and freedoms for all Canadians. Section 15 of the Charter specifically lists protection against discrimination based on mental and physical disability under Equality Rights.


1977: The Canadian Human Rights Act was enacted and identified disability as one of 11 grounds for discrimination.  


1962: Ontario's Human Rights Code was the first in Canada and identified disability as a prohibited ground for discrimination.